Image Size: 7.5" x 4.5" x 4" ()

Penguins, as most people know, are aquatic, flightless birds living almost exclusively in the Southern Hemisphere. Although all penguin species are natives to the southern hemisphere, they are not, contrary to popular belief, found only in cold climates, such as Antarctica. In fact, some species lives as far north as the Galapagos Islands. The number of penguin species today is debated, and it is assumed there are 17 to 20 living species. Four are currently listed by the IUCN Red List as endangered, seven as vulnerable, and two as near threatened. Global warming, predation, and threats from oil spills, pesticides, and habitat loss have all had a significant impact on penguin populations, which scientists suggest have declined by nearly 80 percent in some areas. "Penguins have survived for hundreds of thousands of years against some pretty tough odds freezing temperatures, lack of food, and few offspring, "Wyland says." They not only seem to endure, they also seem to enjoy themselves. I wanted to celebrate them in this series of sculptures as a simple, noble creature just waddling along."


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